United States K2 Incense/synthetic marijuana/bath salts legal status
NOTE 1: THIS PAGE IS MORE UP TO DATE THAN THE WIKIPEDIA ENTRY(which has been locked for months).. AS FAR AS INDIVIDUAL STATE BANS ARE CONCERNED.
NOTE 2: HISTORICALLY SPEAKING, WHEN A STATE BANS SYNTHETIC MARIJUANA, IT IS ACCOMPANIED BY A BAN OF BATH SALTS AND ALL RELATED SUBSTANCES.
All synthetic marijuana products are now schedule 1 in the United States according to the S.3187 – Synthetic Drug Abuse Prevention Act of 2012
(a) Cannabimimetic Agents- Schedule I, as set forth in section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
‘(d)(1) Unless specifically exempted or unless listed in another schedule, any material, compound, mixture, or preparation which contains any quantity of cannabimimetic agents, or which contains their salts, isomers, and salts of isomers whenever the existence of such salts, isomers, and salts of isomers is possible within the specific chemical designation.
‘(2) In paragraph (1):
‘(A) The term ‘cannabimimetic agents’ means any substance that is a cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1 receptor) agonist as demonstrated by binding studies and functional assays within any of the following structural classes:
‘(i) 2-(3-hydroxycyclohexyl)phenol with substitution at the 5-position of the phenolic ring by alkyl or alkenyl, whether or not substituted on the cyclohexyl ring to any extent.
‘(ii) 3-(1-naphthoyl)indole or 3-(1-naphthylmethane)indole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted on the indole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthoyl or naphthyl ring to any extent.
‘(iii) 3-(1-naphthoyl)pyrrole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the pyrrole ring, whether or not further substituted in the pyrrole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthoyl ring to any extent.
‘(iv) 1-(1-naphthylmethylene)indene by substitution of the 3-position of the indene ring, whether or not further substituted in the indene ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the naphthyl ring to any extent.
‘(v) 3-phenylacetylindole or 3-benzoylindole by substitution at the nitrogen atom of the indole ring, whether or not further substituted in the indole ring to any extent, whether or not substituted on the phenyl ring to any extent.
‘(B) Such term includes–
‘(i) 5-(1,1-dimethylheptyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (CP-47,497);
‘(ii) 5-(1,1-dimethyloctyl)-2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-phenol (cannabicyclohexanol or CP-47,497 C8-homolog);
‘(iii) 1-pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-018 and AM678);
‘(iv) 1-butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-073);
‘(v) 1-hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-019);
‘(vi) 1-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethyl]-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-200);
‘(vii) 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (JWH-250);
‘(viii) 1-pentyl-3-[1-(4-methoxynaphthoyl)]indole (JWH-081);
‘(ix) 1-pentyl-3-(4-methyl-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-122);
‘(x) 1-pentyl-3-(4-chloro-1-naphthoyl)indole (JWH-398);
‘(xi) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole (AM2201);
‘(xii) 1-(5-fluoropentyl)-3-(2-iodobenzoyl)indole (AM694);
‘(xiii) 1-pentyl-3-[(4-methoxy)-benzoyl]indole (SR-19 and RCS-4);
‘(xiv) 1-cyclohexylethyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole (SR-18 and RCS-8); and
‘(xv) 1-pentyl-3-(2-chlorophenylacetyl)indole (JWH-203).’.
(b) Other Drugs- Schedule I of section 202(c) of the Controlled Substances Act (21 U.S.C. 812(c)) is amended in subsection (c) by adding at the end the following:
‘(18) 4-methylmethcathinone (Mephedrone).
‘(19) 3,4-methylenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV).
‘(20) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E).
‘(21) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D).
‘(22) 2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C).
‘(23) 2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I).
‘(24) 2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2).
‘(25) 2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4).
‘(26) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H).
‘(27) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N).
‘(28) 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P).’.
Some compounds within synthetic cannabis (HU-210) are currently scheduled in the USA under federal law while others (JWH-073) have been temporarily scheduled until final determination of their status can be made. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) considers it to be a “drug of concern”, citing “…a surge in emergency-room visits and calls to poison-control centers. Adverse health effects associated with its use include seizures, hallucinations, paranoid behavior, agitation, anxiety, nausea, vomiting, racing heartbeat and elevated blood pressure.”
The following Compounds are covered under the federal synthetic marijuana(k2 incense)/bath salts ban: (old ban before July ’12)
Salvia Divinorum; Salvinorin A; Divinorin A; 3,4-Methylenedioxymethcathinone (Methylone); 3,4-Methyenedioxypyrovalerone (MDPV); 4-Methylmethcathinone; CP 47,497 and homologues, 2-[(1R,3S)-3-hydroxycyclohexyl]-5-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)phenol); HU-210, [(6aR,10aR)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10, 10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c] chromen-1-ol)]; HU-211, (dexanabinol, (6aS,10aS)-9-(hydroxymethyl)-6,6-dimethyl-3-(2-methyloctan-2-yl)-6a,7,10,10a-tetrahydrobenzo[c]chromen-1-ol); JWH-018, 1-Pentyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole; JWH-019, 1-Hexyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole; JWH-073, 1-Butyl-3-(1-naphthoyl)indole; JWH-200, (1-(2-morpholin-4-ylethyl)indol-3-yl)-naphthalen-1-ylmethanone; JWH-250, 1-pentyl-3-(2-methoxyphenylacetyl)indole; Psychedelic phenethylamines; 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-ethylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-E); 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-methylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-D); 2-(4-Chloro-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-C); 2-(4-Iodo-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-I); 2-[4-(Ethylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-2); 2-[4-(Isopropylthio)-2,5-dimethoxyphenyl]ethanamine (2C-T-4); 2-(2,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (2C-H); 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-nitro-phenyl)ethanamine (2C-N); 2-(2,5-Dimethoxy-4-(n)-propylphenyl)ethanamine (2C-P) (Mephedrone); 4-Methoxymethcathinone; 4-Fluoromethcathinone; and, 3-Fluoromethcathinone.
State Wide Synthetic Marijuana/Bath Salts bans
Several states independently passed acts making it illegal under state law, including, Illinois (bath salts banned July 2011, synthetic marijuana ban to take effect Jan 1st 2012), Ohio, California, New York, Pennsylvania, Kansas in March 2010,Georgia and Alabama in May 2010, Tennessee and Missouri in July 2010, Louisiana in August 2010, and Mississippi in September 2010. An emergency order was passed in Arkansas in July 2010, banning the sale of synthetic cannabis. In October 2010, the Oregon Board of Pharmacy listed synthetic cannabinoid chemicals on its Schedule 1 of controlled substance, which means that the sale and possession of these substances is illegal under the Oregon Uniform Controlled Substances Act. According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, several other states are also considering legislation, including Michigan, New Jersey, Florida, and Indiana. Michigan banned synthetic cannabinoids in October 2010.
Following cases in Japan involving the use of synthetic cannabis, k2 incense by Navy, Army and Marine Corps personnel resulted in the official banning of it, a punitive general order issued on January 4, 2010 by the Commander Marine Corps Forces, Pacific prohibits the actual or attempted possession, use, sale, distribution or manufacture of synthetic cannabis as well as any derivative, analogue or variant of it.On June 8, 2010, the U.S. Air Force issued a memorandum that banned the possession and use of Spice, k2 incense or any other mood-altering substance except alcohol or tobacco, among its service members.
On November 24, 2010, the DEA announced that it would make JWH-018, JWH-073, JWH-200, CP-47,497 and cannabicyclohexanol, which are often found in synthetic cannabis, illegal using emergency powers. They will be placed in Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, within a month of the announcement, and the ban will last for at least a year. The temporary ban, for at least a year, came in to effect on March 1, 2011.
K2 incense and Spice and specific forms of JWHxxx are not specifically prohibited in Canada, but synthetic cannabis is listed as a schedule II drug.Health Canada is debating on the subject.
Europe k2 incense legal status
- The Austrian Ministry of Health announced on December 18, 2008 that K2 incense and Spice would be controlled under Paragraph 78 of their drug law on the grounds that it contains an active substance which affects the functions of the body, and the legality of JWH-018 is under review.
- JWH-018, CP 47,497 and the C6, C8 and C9 homologues of CP 47,497 are illegal in Germany since January 22, 2009.
- K2 incense and Spice blends are classified as a medicine in Finland and therefore it is illegal to order them without a prescription. In practice it is not possible to get a prescription.
- JWH-018, CP 47,497 (and its homologues) and HU-210 were all made illegal in France on February 24, 2009.
- From June 2010, JWH-018, along with a variety of other designer drugs, such as K2 incense, are illegal.
- JWH-018, JWH-073, CP 47,497 (and its homologues) and HU-210 are all banned in Latvia as well as leonotis leonurus.
- JWH-018 and many of the herbs mentioned on the ingredient lists of K2/incense Spice and similar preparations were made illegal in May 2009. The bill was passed by Polish Sejm,Polish Senate and was signed by the President.
- K2 Incense/Spice was made illegal in Romania on February 15, 2010.
- On April 9, 2009, the Chief Medical Officer of the Russian Federation issued a resolution on reinforcing control over the sales of smoking blends. These blends, marketed under the trade names AM-HI-CO, Dream, Spice (Gold, Diamond), Zoom, Ex-ses, Yucatán Fire and others have been declared to contain Salvia divinorum, Hawaiian Wood Rose and Blue Lotus and are prohibited to be sold. These substances have been found to have “psychotropic, narcotic effects, contain poisonous components and represent potential threat for humans”. The resolution does not mention JWH-018 or other synthetic cannabinoids. On January 14, 2010, the Russian government issued a statement including 23 synthetic cannabinoids found in smoking blends Hawaiian Rose and Blue Lotus on the list of prohibited narcotic and psychotropic substances. Thus, all of these plants and compounds, including k2 incense are now illegal in the Russian Federation.
- Spice is legal in the Slovakia. The National Anti-Drug Unit is considering adding it to the list of controlled substances. The latest anti-drug law version (468/2009) valid since January 2010 still does not mention active compounds of Spice.
- CP 47,497-C6, CP 47,497-C7, CP 47,497-C8, CP 47,497-C9, JWH-018, JWH-073 and HU-210 were all made illegal in Sweden on September 15, 2009. The bill was accepted on July 30, 2009 and was put in effect on September 15, 2009.
- Spice has been banned in Switzerland.
- United Kingdom
- Spice was legal in the United Kingdom until December 2009, when it was classified as a Class B drug.
South America k2 incense legal status
- The Chilean Ministry of Health on April 24, 2009 declared the sale of synthetic cannabis – k2 incense to be illegal.
Asia k2 incense legal status
- South Korea
- South Korea officially added JWH-018, CP 47,497 and HU-210 to the controlled substance list on July 1, 2009, effectively making these chemicals illegal.
- Japan has banned JWH-018, CP 47, 497, and homologues, and HU-210 since Oct. 2009
Australia k2 incense legal status
- k2 incense and synthetic cannabis is illegal in Australia..
- New Zealand
- Spice/k2 incense is illegal in New Zealand, it is classified as a Class C controlled drug.
- See also: JWH-018#United States